Knowledge and prevalence of Human African Trypanosomiasis among residents of Kachia grazing reserve, Kachia local government area, Kaduna state, Nigeria, 2012

  • Belinda Vernyuy Uba
  • Ahmad Aliyu
  • Aisha Abubakar
  • Sabo Ado Uba
  • Saheed Gidado
  • Aboyowa Edukugho
  • Ifeoma Anagbogu
  • John Kalejaiye
  • Patrick Nguku

Abstract

Introduction: Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a vector borne parasitic disease transmitted to humans by infected tse-tse flies cause morbidity including delayed child mental development. Reports of nuisance and bites from tse-tse flies by residents of Kachia grazing led to the study to determine the knowledge, practices and prevalence of HAT among residents of the grazing reserve. Methods: We conducted active case search in a cross-sectional study using multi-stage sampling with probability proportionate to size. We administered structured questionnaire on Knowledge, practices relating to HAT prevention and screened for HAT using card agglutination test for Trypanosomiasis (CATT). Knowledge of HAT was scored 0-5 and categorized good (3-5) and poor (0-2) based on score, predisposition to risk of HAT as exposure to ≥two risk factors and, a case of HAT as any respondent that tested positive on CATT. We analysed data using Epi-info and MS-excel. Results: Of the 300 respondents, mean age 39(±17years) interviewed, 56.3% were males, 12.0% had good knowledge of HAT and 76.3% were exposed to HAT risk factors. Prevention practices included clearing of overgrown bushes around houses (99%), use of insecticidal treated nets (75.7%) and protective clothing (41.0%). Males {Odds Ratio [OR] 5.0; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.8 - 13.6}, age above 40 years {OR 5.0; 95% CI 1.1 - 24.4} and family history of HAT {OR 8.7; 95% CI 2.4 - 32.1} were significantly associated with HAT knowledge. None tested positive on CATT. Conclusion: Despite poor knowledge of HAT, residents practiced HAT preventive measures and zero HAT prevalence was recorded.

Pan African Medical Journal 2016; 23

Author Biographies

Belinda Vernyuy Uba
Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programm (FELTP), Abuja, Nigeria
Ahmad Aliyu
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU), Zaria, Nigeria
Aisha Abubakar
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU), Zaria, Nigeria
Sabo Ado Uba
Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), Abuja, Nigeria
Saheed Gidado
Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programm (FELTP), Abuja, Nigeria
Aboyowa Edukugho
Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programm (FELTP), Abuja, Nigeria
Ifeoma Anagbogu
Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), Abuja, Nigeria
John Kalejaiye
Nigeria Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research (NITR), Kaduna, Nigeria
Patrick Nguku
Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programm (FELTP), Abuja, Nigeria
Published
2016-07-04
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1937-8688