Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated at the Yaounde Central Hospital, Cameroon: a retro prospective study
Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen responsible for hospital and community acquired infection(s). Emerging resistance to methicillin in this organism has left physicians with few therapeutic alternatives to treat infections caused by it. This study was aimed at determining the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated at the Yaounde Central Hospital, Cameroon.
Methods: from January 2014 to November 2016, a total of 250 non repeated strains were isolated from various clinical specimens. Isolates and antibiotic susceptibility profiles were identified through standard microbiological techniques.
Results: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) accounted respectively for 80% (201/205) and 20% (49/205) of the total strains isolated. MRSA strains displayed high resistance to cefoxitin (100%), cotrimoxazole (89%), vancomycin (79.7%), lincomycin (70.3%), tobramycin (72.5%), doxycycline (68.0%), kanamycin (69.7%) and erythromycin (55.7%). In contrast, a high susceptibility was observed with rifampicin (82.6%). KTG (42.3%) and constitutive MLSB (17.4%) were the most frequent phenotypes recorded.
Conclusion: our results show that the carriage of acquired MRSA infections predominates in this population. Despite the noticeable multiresistance of MRSA strains to antibiotics, rifampicin remains the drugs of choice for the therapy of acquired MRSA infections in this setting. In order to slow down antimicrobial resistance, surveillance studies for antimicrobial susceptibility remains essential to identify resistance and inform policy on resistance.