Fisieke aktiwiteit se verband met leefstyl en geestelike welstand by Suid-Afrikaanse dames
AbstractThe physical activity profile and to a certain extent also the spiritual well-being of men is well documented in research. The same could however not be said about women. This study therefore aimed to research some part of the South African women population between the age of 30-65 years of age. The respondents comprised of 388 (43.0 + 9.6 years) Caucasian women, who were randomly selected, in an urbanised community. Data regarding demographic information, physical activity participation and spiritual well-being (SWB) were collected from the respondents. The respondents were selected in two age groups (30-49 and 50-65 years) representing predominantly the pre- and post-menopausal life stages of women. The relationship of the spiritual well-being and physical activity was evaluated by means of a one-way and two-way analysis of variance. From the descriptive data it is clear that the majority (49%) of the respondents were physical inactive. Furthermore the younger group (30-49 year) tend to be more physically active than the older group (50-65 year). The post-menopausal women tend to follow a healthier lifestyle than the pre-menopausal women do. Spiritual well-being showed a significant (p < 0.05) relationship with physical activity. Significant (p < 0.05) difference existed between the physical activity index (FAI) of pre- and post-menopausal women, as far as lifestyle (LSBB & LSW) and existential well-being (EW) is concern. A highly practical significant (ES > 0.8) difference existed between high active- and inactive pre- and post-menopausal women in terms of their lifestyle indexes (LSBB & LSW). Physical activity contributes significantly to the existential well-being (EW) (p < 0.01) and spiritual well-being (SWB) (p < 0.001) of women.
Keywords: Physical activity, Spiritual well-being, Lifestyle, Pre-menopausal, Post-menopausal, Women
South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation Vol.25(2) 2003: 105-119