Ontwikkelingskoördinasieversteuring (DCD) se verband met leerverwante probleme en ADHD by 6- en 7-jarige kinders in Potchefstroom

  • Y Wessels
  • AE Pienaar
  • A Peens
Keywords: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), Learning disabilities, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Clumsiness.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether relationships exists between DCD (Developmental Coordination Disorder), ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and learning-related problems in children in the age group 6 to 7 years. Ninety-nine (N=99) learners were identified in Potchefstroom, randomly and proportionally representative of various ethnic groups [White (n=37), Black (n=50) and Coloured (n=12)], and evaluated with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Aptitude Test for School Beginners, Taylor Hyperactivity Checklist and the
Modified Conner’s Abbreviated Teacher questionnaire. The learning-related skills of children (determined with the ASB) who were classified as DCD (<15th percentile) by means of the MABC, were compared with a group without DCD by means of ttesting and analysis of variance (Statsoft, 2006). The results indicated that the learning-related skills of DCD children are significantly (p=0.01) less favourable than those of children without DCD. Forward stepwise discriminant analysis, performed with SAS, further indicated that gestalt contributed most to discrimination between the groups with and without DCD. A stronger relationship was indicated
between DCD and learning related problems compared to between DCD and ADHD, although learning related problems and ADHD showed positive relationships
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print ISSN: 0379-9069