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South African Medical Journal

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Tricyclic antidepressant overdose necessitating ICU admission

CFN Koegelenberg, ZJ Joubert, EM Irusen

Abstract


Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) overdose necessitating intensive care unit (ICU) admission remains a significant problem in the Western Cape. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the course of life-threatening TCA overdose in our centre to identify potential prognostic indicators. TCA levels >1 000 ng/ml were associated with QT and QRS prolongation and convulsions. However, no single parameter predicted non-survival. The overall mortality
of TCA overdose was very low. Our findings should encourage clinicians to offer medical care including ICU admission, if necessary, to patients with TCA overdose.



http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.5300
AJOL African Journals Online