A single dominant Ganoderma species is responsible for root rot of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus in Sumatra

  • MPA Coetzee
  • BD Wingfield
  • GD Golani
  • B Tjahjono
  • A Gafur
  • MJ Wingfield

Abstract

Ganoderma root rot is the most serious disease affecting commercially planted Acacia mangium in plantations in Indonesia. Numerous Ganoderma spp. have been recorded from diseased trees of this species and to a lesser extent Eucalyptus, causing confusion regarding the primary cause of the disease. In this study, a large collection of Ganoderma isolates were obtained from the roots of A. mangium showing early signs of root rot in disease centres in South Sumatra plantations. Isolates were also collected from Eucalyptus roots at Lake Toba in North Sumatra showing similar symptoms as well as from sporocarps connected to these samples. Phylogenetic analyses showed that a single Ganoderma sp., identified as G. philippii, is the major causal agent of Ganoderma root rot on A. mangium. Results from this study also showed that the isolates obtained for Eucalyptus trees in North Sumatra belong to G. philippii. Isolates from roots and connected fruiting bodies together with the morphology of the fruiting structures confirmed this identification. Symptoms associated with this pathogen are obvious and it should not be confused with other diseases. Other Ganoderma spp. found in disease centres are considered to be of minor importance and management strategies for root rot should be focused on G. philippii.

Keywords: Acacia mangium, Eucalyptus, Ganoderma philippii, Ganoderma root rot, Indonesia

Southern Forests 2011, 73(3&4): 175–180

Author Biographies

MPA Coetzee
Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
BD Wingfield
Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
GD Golani
PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper, PO Box 1089, Pekanbaru 28000, Indonesia
B Tjahjono
PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper, PO Box 1089, Pekanbaru 28000, Indonesia
A Gafur
PT Riau Andalan Pulp and Paper, PO Box 1089, Pekanbaru 28000, Indonesia
MJ Wingfield
Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 2070-2639
print ISSN: 2070-2620