Relationship between Anthropometric Indices and Dyslipidemia among Sudanese Women in Khartoum State
AbstractBackground: Several studies were undertaken in both developed and developing countries to investigate the relationship between lipid abnormalities and anthropometric indices. In Sudan, however, no data are available, particularly among Sudanese women.
Objectives: This study aimed at investigating the relationship between dyslipidemia and anthropometric indices among a group of Sudanese women living in Khartoum state.
Methods: A total sample of two hundred and four women aged 25 to 69 years old participated in this study. Anthropometric measures and blood chemistries were obtained. The relationship between obesity indices and lipid profile were investigated.
Results: Body Mass Index (BMI) was strongly correlated with cholesterol (TC) (R=.434 P=.000), low-density lipoprotein (R=.423, P=.000), triglycerides (R=.258, P=.000), TC: HDL (R=.455, P=.000) and high-density lipoprotein (R=-.383, P=.000). Regarding the relationship between central obesity and lipid profile, significant correlation was detected between waist circumference and total cholesterol. Waist to height ratio was also significantly correlated with total cholesterol, lowdensity
lipoprotein, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and TC: HDL, while no correlation was detected between waist to hip ratio, height and lipid profile.
BMI was the strongest predictor and important indicator of dyslipidemia among Sudanese women even after inclusion of all the variables in the study. Regarding age, except for triglycerides age was strongly associated with dyslipidemia among Sudanese women (p <0.05).
Conclusions: The study concluded that anthropometric measurement (BMI, WC, WHtR) were strongly correlated with dyslipidemia among Sudanese women, while no correlation was found between WHpR and lipid abnormalities.
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