Main Article Content

The effect of COVID-19 pandemic on routine immunization: A case study of measles outbreak in Kambia District, Sierra Leone, October 2021

Joel Francis Mansaray
Ikechukwu O. gbuanu
Abass Kamara
Philip Gevao
Adel Hussein Elduma
Gebrekrstos Negash Gebru


Measles is one of the leading causes of death among children under five in Africa. Studies showed that COVID19 has affected routine health services, including immunization services. We investigated to confirm the  diagnosis, identify the source, mode of transmission,  instituted control and prevention measures. We  interviewed caregivers and community people to find the source of infection. We used  case investigation form  to collect demographic, clinical, travel, and contact data. We conducted active case search in communities and  health facilities. We collected blood samples to test for measles antibodies and isolated case patients to prevent  transmission. A total of  60 measles cases were reported, five were laboratory confirmed and 55 by  epidemiological link. The median age was 4 years (range: 4  months – 23 years). Females accounted for 67% of  the cases. No travel history was reported. Bamoi Luma's Measles-Rubella vaccination  coverage was 28%. Only  20 patients (12%) received measles vaccination and vitamin A supplementation. Measles outbreak was  confirmed with more cases in the community. Factors contributed to this outbreak included low vaccination  coverage, impact of  COVID-19 pandemic on routine health services, and contact with measles cases. We  recommend routine measles vaccination and  community sensitization on measles prevention. 

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2076-6270
print ISSN: 2076-6270