An assessment of internal boundary crises in Nigeria: Cross River-Ebonyi boundary relations in perspective
This paper is designed to examine the impact of internal boundary conflicts on Nigerian federation with particular reference to the prevalent conflict between Ndiagu Amagu border community of Ebonyi state and Adadama in Cross River Sate. The sustained conflict is a serious discount on Nigerian federation, a principle adopted on the basis of its capacity to mediate inter-ethnic competitions and rivalries. The objective of the research is not only aimed at highlighting the impact of internal boundary conflicts on the Nigerian federation but to also draw the attention of Nigerian policy makers and researchers to the “neglect” of the boundary issues involving these two farming communities and states. The methodology adopted involved the use of both primary and secondary sources. Archival materials and oral interviews in the study areas make up the primary source. The secondary source had to do with published and unpublished works on the vexed issues of internal boundary conflicts. The research submits that, internal boundary conflicts between the two states have been moderated by incessant conflicts which have in turn led to destruction of properties and loss of lives. The affected areas have been denied development arising from insecurity. It therefore recommends further that, both state governments should adopt an imaginative policy option that would lead to peaceful settlement of the conflicts.
Keywords: Federalism; Boundary; Conflicts; Cross River Ebonyi; Boundary Relations