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Enterotoxicity of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from beans pudding

EI Sule, A.O Lawal, D Damisa

Abstract


36 samples of beans pudding from selected sources were analysed for Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus using standard protocols aimed at assessing its bacteriological quality. Samples obtained from restaurant showed slightly lower value for total plate count (1.3 x 104 - 1.6 x 106 cfu/gm) compared to samples from cafeteria (2.7 x 104 - 2.6 x 106 cfu/gm) and hawkers (3.1 x 104 - 3.2 x 106 cfu/gm). Count of S. aureus from samples obtained from hawkers varied between 1.2 x 103 - 2.0 x 106 cfu/gm while those of cafeteria and restaurant showed counts varying between 1.3 x 103 - 1.0 x 105 cfu/gm and 2.2 x 103 - 1.1 x 105 cfu/gm respectively. The counts for B. cereus from samples obtained from hawker ranged from 1.0 x 102 - 1.3 x 104 cfu/gm, while those from cafeteria and restaurant ranged from 1.0 x 102 - 2.10 x 104 cfu/gm and 1.0 x 102 - 1.0 x 104 cfu/gm respectively. 53% of the 13 isolates of S. aureus produced enterotoxin A but non produced enterotoxins C and D. The results from this study showed that S. aureus is common in vended beans capable of producing pathogenic enterotoxin A.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, moin-moin, enterotoxin, enterotoxicity, cellophane



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/swj.v2i2.51726
AJOL African Journals Online