Prevalence and factors associated with neonatal sepsis among neonates in Temeke and Mwananyamala Hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Background: Neonatal sepsis contributes significantly to neonatal mortality. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with neonatal sepsis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Mwananyamala and Temeke hospitals in Dar es Salaam, during August-September, 2015. A standardized questionnaire was used to obtain demographic, obstetrics and clinical information. Diagnosis of neonatal sepsis was done clinically. Relationship between outcome variable and exposure variable was done using Chi square test. Multivariate logistic regression was used to measure association after controlling for confounders.
Results: A total of 220 neonates were recruited, 69 (31.4%) had sepsis. The risk factors associated with neonatal sepsis were maternal age of >35 years (AOR=6.7; 95%CI 2.1-20.1; p-value-0.001) and resuscitation at birth (AOR=1.25195%CI1. 22-3.88; p-value=0.025).
Conclusion: Neonatal sepsis among neonates in Dar es Salaam is associated with maternal and health services related factors. The findings underscore the importance of routine assessment and close monitoring of neonates. It is therefore recommended to have more skilled health personnel and advanced equipment while providing maternal and new-born health care services.