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Community social valuation: use of nominal group technique in ranking of health conditions from two communities in Temeke and Moshi Districts in Tanzania

E Makundi
O Norheim
L Haram
P Setel
G Kvåle


This study used the nominal group technique to explore societal value preferences in the ranking of health conditions from two communities in Temeke and Moshi districts in Tanzania. The nominal group technique was applied to a community of lay people including patients and community leaders. In this study we found a relatively high stability of ranking values across sites and informant groups. The nominal group technique was easy for lay people to understand and less time consuming compared to other methods used in health state valuation. The findings indicate that the nominal group technique can be used in the valuation process with a population of lay people to obtain societal preferences as a basis for priority setting in health. This study was limited to using criteria as a guide in the voting exercise, which may have framed respondent's final voting judgement. Further studies are needed to assess informant's responses and test validity and reliability of this method with larger sample size in different sites and informant groups. In conclusion, the nominal group technique may be considered to obtain societal preferences to compliment the current burden of disease data for priority setting.

Tanzania Health Research Bulletin Vol.6(2) 2004: 42-50