Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients seeking medical care at Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital in Tanzania

  • Edson Kinimi Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
  • Sakurani Balthazary Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
  • Stephen Kitua National Institute for Medical Research, Kilosa Station, P.O Box 96, Kilosa Morogoro
  • Sundi Msalika Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, BMI, obesity, life style, Tanzania

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a key metabolic endocrine disorder escalating in the course of rapid population growth, aging, urbanization, and increasing prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. This study was conducted to assess prevalence of DM and associated risk factors among outpatients seeking medical care at Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital in Tanzania.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out amongst 129 outpatients. Diabetic status was assigned using Gluco-plus Random Blood Glucose (RBG) ≥ 11.1mmol/L and a subject was confirmed to have diabetes when fasting plasma glucose was ≥7mmol/L. Structured questionnaire was administered to collect socio-demographic characteristics. Body Mass Index (BMI) was computed, with normal values ranging from 18.5-24.9 kg/m2, ˂18.5kg/m2 suggests underweight and/or malnutrition, from 25.0-29.9 is overweight; 30-39.9 is obese, while ≥40.0 is severe obesity. Data were analysed and Chi-square test was applied to test association between DM and overweight, age, smoking and alcohol intake.

Results: Our findings indicated that an overall prevalence of diabetes was 10.08% for undiagnosed town dwellers outpatients. Out of 13 diabetic individuals, 4 (31%) were males and 9 (69 %) were females. In this study population, 26 (20.16%) were overweight and One of diabetic subjects had severe obesity, two were obese, seven were overweight and three had normal weight. The age, alcohol intake and overweight were found to be the risk factors significantly associated with DM.

Conclusions: Our results indicate a higher prevalence of DM than the national estimate of 9.1 %. Thus DM still indicates a considerable health burden in Morogoro Municipality. Overweight, aging, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity were the main predisposing factors for DM morbidity. A regular screening and intervention programme for preventing DM in Morogoro Municipality is necessary.

Author Biographies

Edson Kinimi, Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Assistant Lecturer
Sakurani Balthazary, Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Professor
Stephen Kitua, National Institute for Medical Research, Kilosa Station, P.O Box 96, Kilosa Morogoro
Kilosa Station National Institute for Medical Research in Tanzania, Medical Doctor
Sundi Msalika, Sokoine University of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, P.O Box 3017, Morogoro
Department of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Biotechnologist
Published
2017-10-06
How to Cite
KinimiE., BalthazaryS., KituaS., & MsalikaS. (2017). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients seeking medical care at Morogoro Regional Referral Hospital in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 19(4). https://doi.org/10.4314/thrb.v19i4.
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1821-9241
print ISSN: 1821-6404