COVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Vaccination Hesitancy in Moshi, Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania

COVID-19 Vaccination Hesitancy in Tanzania

  • Jaffu Othniel Chilongola Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O Box 2240, Moshi Tanzania
  • Kevin Rwegoshola 1Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O Box 2240, Moshi Tanzania
  • Omary Balingumu Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O Box 2240, Moshi Tanzania
  • Hadija Semvua Department of Pharmacy, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, P.O box 3010, Moshi Tanzania
  • Edith Kwigizile Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Stefano Moshi Memorial University College, P. O. Box 881, Moshi, Tanzania
Keywords: COVID-19; behaviours; knowledge; attitudes; practices; vaccination hesitancy

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 vaccinations have reignited optimism in many cultures devastated by the pandemic's tremendous loss of lives and livelihoods. Vaccination hesitancy is a critical and growing international problem in the global effort to manage the COVID-19 pandemic. To successfully handle vaccination hesitancy concerns, it is necessary to understand the levels of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to understand people’s knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes about COVID 19 and its related vaccines.

Methods: In October 2021, a cross-sectional study with 232 participants was conducted. A standardized interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data.

Results: Most respondents in the present survey heard about COVID-19 between January and March 2020. Social media and newspapers are the most effective sources of information on COVID-19, reaching 34.48 % of the population. Basic COVID-19 knowledge was reported to be moderate. Nearly half of the respondents (48.3 %) thought SARSCOV-2 was man-made, while 36.21 % were unsure. Good preventive behaviors were indicated by 49.14 % of subjects. Overall, we find that around 65 % of people are reluctant to get vaccinated against COVID-19. Male gender, low education, and occupation were shown to be more hesitant about vaccination. In this study, healthcare workers were averse to getting the COVID-19 vaccine. The reasons for vaccination hesitation were "unknown safety" of the vaccines (17.4 %) and "unknown long-term consequences" of the vaccines (18.97 %). Almost a third (27.59 %) of those interviewed said they had no intention of being vaccinated.

Conclusion: We report moderate knowledge on COVID-19, as well as effective preventive practices, but negative attitudes regarding COVID-19 vaccination, resulting in low vaccination rates of 6.9%. Misinformation regarding COVID-19 appears to play a key role in vaccination reluctance.

Author Biography

Jaffu Othniel Chilongola, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O Box 2240, Moshi Tanzania

Professor of Immunology

Published
2022-06-13
How to Cite
ChilongolaJ. O., RwegosholaK., BalingumuO., SemvuaH., & KwigizileE. (2022). COVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Vaccination Hesitancy in Moshi, Kilimanjaro Region, Northern Tanzania: COVID-19 Vaccination Hesitancy in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 23(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.4314/thrb.v23i1.
Section
Original Article

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1821-9241
print ISSN: 1821-6404