Assessment of the Contribution of the Bus Rapid Transit Systems to Climate Change Mitigation and Sustainable Development: The Case of Dar Rapid Transit Project in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
This paper assesses the contribution of Dar-BRT3 System to climate change mitigation and sustainable development in the city of Dar es Salaam. As burning of fuel leads among the primary sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs), this paper explores and compares estimated amount of fuel burned among the three modes of transport in the city: personal vehicles, “Daladala” buses and Dar-BRT buses. Looking at each mode of transport, the paper finds that the Dar-BRT buses are using the least fuel and hence offer the greatest potential to mitigate climate change leading to promoting sustainable development. In addition, the Dar-BRT Project improves public transport services in the city by shortening transport time, reducing transport costs and making it more convenient mode of transport in urban. This is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly goals number 8, 9, 11 and 13.