Sources and Quality of Knowledge of Ante-Natal Care Physicians about Oral Conditions in Pregnancy: The Need to Do More

  • JE Enabulele
  • LO Ibhawoh

Abstract

Context: During pregnancy, women are at a greater risk of experiencing poor oral health and this can affect pregnancy outcome. It is important that ante-natal care givers be knowledgeable on possible oral conditions that can affect the pregnant woman so that she can be adequately managed.
Objective: To evaluate the sources and quality of knowledge of ante-natal care physicians about oral conditions in pregnancy.
Study design, Setting and Subjects: A descriptive cross-sectional study of ante-natal care physicians at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital.
Main outcome measures: Information on demographic characteristics, knowledge of oral conditions in pregnancy, effect of oral micro-organisms on mother and child, efficacy of routine scaling and polishing on reduction of oral micro-organisms and sources of respondents' dental information.
Result: 81.3% and 30.8% of the respondents knew that gingivitis and periodontal disease respectively were sometimes seen in pregnancy. Majority of the respondents thought that oral micro-organisms had effects on mother and child. Only 42.1% thought that conventional scaling and polishing would reduce the oral microorganisms. There was statistically significant relationship between quality of knowledge and dental textbook as source of dental information.
Conclusion: This study highlights the dearth of knowledge among  ante-natal care physicians about oral diseases which may have  consequences on maternal and fetal health, emphasizing the need to do more.
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eISSN: 0189-5117