Novel Green Synthesis and Characterization of Nanopolymer Porous Gold Oxide Nanoparticles
Purpose: To develop a novel approach to green synthesis of nano-polymer porous gold oxide nanoparticles, and examine the effects of the temperatures on their surface.
Methods: Green synthesis of nano-polymer porous gold oxide nanoparticles (GONPs) using cetyle trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant with a mixture of Olea europaea fruit and Acacia Nilotica extracts, was performed using sol-gel method. The nanoporous particles were characterized by UV (ultraviolet (UV) visible spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering (DLS) while a zetasizer was applied to determine their average particle size. Their surface morphology and shape were assessed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning election microscopy (SEM) while surface area was measured using nitrogen gas adsorption method.
Results: TEM and SEM images showed a smooth, cylindrical or spherical, and cluster shapes, and porous surface morphology. Increase in calcination temperature resulted in increase in surface area and pore volume of nanoparticles. This feature yielded GONPs that were unique with a high surface area of 146.706 m2/g.
Conclusion: The approach used in this study constitutes a new and rapid green synthesis of porous nanoparticles of gold oxide under simple conditions. Furthermore, increase in GONPs surface area is enhanced by increase in calcination temperature.
Keywords: Gold oxide, Nanoporous, Green synthesis, Olea europaea, Acacia Nilotica, Surface area, Nanopolymer, Surface morphology