Humoral and cellular immune responses to modified hepatitis B plasmid DNA vaccine in mice
Purpose: To evaluate the immunogenicity and types of immune response of a quality-controlled modified recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) plasmid encoding HBsAg in mice.
Methods: The characterized plasmid DNA was used in the immunization of Balb/c mice. Three groups of mice were intramuscularly injected with three different concentrations (50, 25 and 10 μg/100 μL) of the modified plasmid. Humoral immune response was monitored by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while cellular immune response was investigated by analysis of spleen cytokine profile (TNFα, IFN γ and IL2) as well as CD69 expression level in CD4 and CD8 positive cells.
Results: In general, the activated CD4 cells showing intracellular cytokines were higher than CD8 positive population of cells (p < 0.05). These findings indicate that the vaccine induced both a humoral and cellular immunity. Cytokine profile also showed high levels of TNFα, IFN γ and IL2 and CD69 expression in the group of animals immunized at a dose of 10 μg when compared to control group (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: A 10 μg dose intramuscular injection of the modified DNA-based vaccine encoding HBsAg in mice induces both high humoral and cellular immune responses.
Keywords: Hepatitis B virus, Plasmid DNA, Vaccine, Spleen cytokines, Humoral and cellular immune responses
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.