Effect of a heme oxygenase-1 inducer on NADPH oxidase expression in alcohol-induced liver injury in male Wistar rats
Purpose: To investigated the effect of hemin, a heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inducer, on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) expression in rats with alcohol-induced liver injury.
Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups consisting of the control group, the ethanol (EtOH) group, the EtOH + zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP-IX) group and EtOH + hemin group. Hepatic NOX gene expression and immunohistochemistry of hepatic NOX1 and NOX4 were investigated in week 4.
Results: EtOH significantly increased levels of NOX. An immunohistochemical study demonstrated a high number of immunopositive hepatocytes for NOX1 in the EtOH group and EtOH + ZnPP-IX group compared with the control group. Hemin administration downregulated NOX gene expression and lowered the number of immunopositive hepatocytes for NOX1. In contrast, ZnPP-IX (HO-1 inhibitor) administration caused upregulation of NOX gene expression and increased the number of immunopositive hepatocytes for NOX1.
Conclusion: HO-1 inducer, hemin, alleviates oxidative stress-induced alcoholic liver injury by reducing NOX, especially NOX1.
Keywords: NADPH oxidase, Immunohistochemistry, Heme oxygenase-1, Hemin, Reactive oxygen species, Alcohol-induced liver disease