Effect of moxifloxacin on oxidative stress, paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and efficacy of treatment in patients with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis
Purpose: To investigate the effect of moxifloxacin on paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity, and serum oxidative stress in patients with multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).
Methods: A total ofof 130 MDR-TB patients who were treated with moxifloxacin from October 2014 to October 2010 in Eastern Medical District of Linyi People's Hospital of Shandong Province, China were randomly divided into an observation group (65 cases, moxifloxacin group) and control group (65 cases, non-moxifloxacin group). Total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), oxidative stress index (OSI), PON1 levels and treatment efficacy for groups were determined.
Results: Compared with pre-treatment levels, TOS (23.3 ± 4.7 vs 13.9 ± 3.3 umol H2O2 Eq/L, t = 13.20, p = 0.00) and OSI (17.4 ± 4.8 vs 5.7 ± 1.4 U, t = 18.87, p = 0.00) of the observation group significantly decreased, while TAS (1.4 ± 0.5 vs 3.5 ± 0.7 umol Trolox Eq/L, t = 19.68, p = 0.00) and PON1 (15.5 ± 6.9 vs 31.1 ± 8.3 U/L, t = 11.65, p = 0.00) significantly increased. TOS (23.3 ± 4.7 vs 13.9 ± 3.3 umol H2O2 Eq/L, t = 7.73, p < 0.05) and OSI (16.9 ± 5.5 vs 7.4 ± 3.2U, t = 12.04, p = 0.05) reduced significantly in the control group. Moxifloxacin correlated positively with △TAS (r = 0.697, p = 0. 04) and △PON1 (r = 0.785, p = 0.01), but correlation with △TOS (r = -0.625, p = 0.01) was negative. Efficacy was significantly higher in the observation group than that in the control group (81.54 % vs 56.92 %, p =0.00).
Conclusion: Oxidative stress injury in MDR-TB patients may be effectively managed by combination of moxifloxacin with anti-TB treatment
Keywords: Multiple drug-resistant TB, Moxifloxacin, Paraoxonase, Oxidative stress
Submission of a manuscript to this journal is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
All authors named in each manuscript would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) so that they may retain their copyright in the article but to assign to us (the Publishers) and its licensees in perpetuity, in all forms, formats and media (whether known or created in the future) to (i) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the contribution, (ii) translate the contribution into other languages, create adaptations, reprints, include within collections and create summaries, extracts and/or abstracts of the contribution, (iii) create any other derivative works(s) based on the contribution, (iv) to exploit all subsidiary rights in the contribution, (v) the inclusion of electronic links from the contribution to third party material where-ever it may be located, and (vi) license any thrid party to do any or all of the above.