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Examining liveability in the informal community of Kabawa, Nigeria

Ayodeji Obayomi
Ayobami Popoola
Samuel Medayese
Bolanle Wahab


This article examines the nature and causes of liveability challenges faced by the residents of Kabawa, an informal community south-east of Lokoja, the  capital of Kogi State, North-Central Nigeria, and points out solutions to the identified problems. Liveability concepts were adopted, while both primary  and secondary data were used. The research instruments used included a structured questionnaire, an observation checklist, and a housing facility  survey. A total of 180 household heads/ respondents were randomly selected for the study. The study establishes that the community exhibited slum  characteristics, including poor housing conditions, filthy environment, poor sanitation, indiscriminate waste disposal, and acute lack of basic infrastructure. Illiteracy, poverty, poor maintenance of the available facilities, and lack of participation in governance are common challenges reported by  residents. The study recommends improved planning and partnership between government and other community development stakeholders towards  achieving improved liveability through participatory, community-centred development and a financial framework.      

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2415-0495
print ISSN: 1012-280X