Gender Variation in the Aetiology and Pattern of Traumatized Anterior Teeth, in an Adult Population in Benin City, Nigeria
Introduction: Several studies have focused on the prevalence and pattern of trauma to the anterior teeth with a paucity of data in relation to gender. Since the physiological and psychological make-up of the males and females are different the aetiology and pattern of traumatized teeth may also be different. The objective of this study was to determine the differences in aetiology and pattern of traumatized anterior teeth between male and female adults.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted as a descriptive cross-sectional study among adult patients with traumatized anterior teeth presenting at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 17.0. The data was subjected to descriptive analysis independent t-test, cross tabulations and test of significance with chi square. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: A total of 107 participants were recruited into this study with a male female ratio of 1:0.75. The commonest reason for seeking treatment among the females was disfigured teeth and in males was pain. Motor bike accidents were the commonest aetiology reported by both gender; this was followed by falls in males and cracking of animal bones in females. More females had mandibular teeth injured while the males had more maxillary teeth injured.
Conclusion: There is a difference in aetiology and pattern of traumatized anterior teeth between the male and female sex.
Keywords: Gender, variation, traumatized, anterior teeth