Phenotypic and genotypic detection of antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from urinary tract infections
Bakground: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major nosocomial uropathogen. It can tolerate a wide variety of physical conditions and many antibiotics by different resistance mechanisms.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of antibiotics resistance in uropathogenic P. aeruginosa clinical isolates.
Methods: Two hundred sixty six urine samples were collected from Zagazig University Hospitals, Zagazig, Egypt. P. aeruginosa isolates were identified using standard microbiological tests. The sensitivity to different antibiotics was determined by disc diffusion method. Anti-microbial resistance mechanisms were investigated using phenotypic methods and confirmed by PCR.
Results: Fifty P. aeruginosa isolates were recovered. All isolates were MDR and were resistant to amoxicillin/clavulinic, sulphamethaxzole/trimethoprim, doxycycline and ceftazidime. Phenotypic detection of resistance mechanisms revealed that all strains have efflux mechanism, outer membrane porins, and AmpC β-lactamase; none of the strains showed ESBL activity and two of the imipenem resistant strains showed MβL activity. PCR analysis showed that all strains have MexAB-R, OprD and AmpC genes, 42 strains had PSE gene, while VEB and VIM genes were not detected.
Conclusion: The resistance rates in P. aeruginosa were higher than global values; this resistance was attributed to several mechanisms. This high resistance is alarming and necessitates applying strict antibiotic prescription policies.
Keywords: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, urinary tract infections, antibiotic resistance, resistance mechanisms.