HIV-related knowledge level among Indonesian women between 15 years and 49 years of age
Background: Women are a highly vulnerable population for HIV-infection, influenced by biological, cultural, social and eco- nomic factors. Inadequate knowledge about the risk for exposure to HIV will impact the prevention and treatment of HIV.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine HIV-related knowledge among women in Indonesia and the associated de- mographic determinants that influence their access to accurate HIV-related information.
Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey in 2012. Level of HIV-related knowledge was determined by analyzing nine items on the 2012 IDHS instrument.
Results: The percentage of women in Indonesia between the ages of 15 and 49 years of age, more than half (53.6%) had high score of HIV-related knowledge. The results from logistic regression showed that women aged 30-34 years old had 2.2 times higher knowledge level about HIV compared to older women. Married women, living in rural area, with a lower level of educa- tion, reported to have limited or no access to HIV related information; thus, had a correspondingly lower knowledge level of HIV.
Conclusion: Study findings underscore the lack of knowledge-level among Indonesian women about HIV, especially the pre- vention, transmission, and prevention mother to child transmission (PMCT).
Keywords: HIV; Knowledge; prevention; women; demographic health survey.
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