Patterns of disclosure and antiretroviral treatment adherence in a South African mining workplace programme and implications for HIV prevention

  • Anil Bhagwanjee
  • Kaymarlin Govender
  • Olagoke Akintola
  • Inge Petersen
  • Gavin George
  • Leigh Johnstone
  • Kerisha Naidoo

Abstract

Social and psychological barriers to the disclosure of one’s seropositive HIV status to significant others and poor adherence to taking medications pose  significant challenges to the scaling-up of access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the workplace. Such barriers are predictive of sub-optimal treatment outcomes and bedevil HIV-prevention interventions at a societal level. Against  this background, this article explores the lived experiences of 19 HIV-positive  male participants, between the ages of 33 and 57 years, who were enrolled in an  ART programme managed at an occupational health clinic at a mining company in South Africa. The majority of these mineworkers had been aware of their HIV status for between 5 and 7 years. The study explored psychological and relational factors, as aspects of these participants lived experiences, which had a bearing on their adherence to their ART regimen and the disclosure choices that  they made regarding their HIV status. In our sample, those participants who were adherent demonstrated higher levels of control and acceptance of their HIV  infection and were more confident in their ability to manage their treatment, while the group who were non-adherent presented with lower levels of adherence motivation and self-efficacy, difficulties in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and significant challenges in maintaining control over their lives. While most of the men favoured disclosing their HIV status to their partners for the sake of treatment support, they were less sure about disclosing to family members and non-family members, respectively, because of their need to protect these persons and due to their fear of being stigmatised. It was evident that treatment adherence choices and behaviours were impacted by psychological and relational factors, including disclosure decisions. We conclude with a bivariate  model for understanding the adherence behaviours that influenced different patterns of ART adherence among the sample, and offer recommendations for HIV-prevention and treatment interventions in a mining workplace.

Keywords: assessment methods, behaviour, HAART, HIV/AIDS, psychological factors, self-efficacy, social support

African Journal of AIDS Research 2011, 10(supplement): 357–368

Author Biographies

Anil Bhagwanjee
University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Psychology (Howard College), Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Kaymarlin Govender
University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Psychology (Howard College), Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Olagoke Akintola
University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Psychology (Howard College), Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Inge Petersen
University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Psychology (Howard College), Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Gavin George
Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Leigh Johnstone
University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Psychology (Howard College), Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Kerisha Naidoo
Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1608-5906
print ISSN: 1727-9445