Effect of plant growth regulators on callus induction and plant regeneration in tuber segment culture of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Diamant
AbstractThe present study was conducted to investigate the effects of different concentrations and combinations of growth regulators on callus induction and plant regeneration of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Diamant. The tuber segments were used as explants and cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations of -naphthalene acetic acid
(NAA), 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), benzyl adenine (BA) and thidiazeron (TDZ) alone and 2,4-D in combinations with BA for callus induction. The best degree for callus formation (6.0) was
obtained on MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D alone at 3.0 mg/l or 2,4-D in combination with BA both at 2.0 mg/l. MS media supplemented with different levels of BA and TDZ were employed for shoot
regeneration. MS medium containing 5.0 mg/l TDZ was the best for days to shoot initiation, the highest percentage of callus with shoot (81%) and highest number of shoot per callus (3.4). Callus derived
shoots were rooted most effectively in half-strength MS medium containing 0.5 mg/l IBA. The success of plant tissue culture for in vitro culture of potato was encouraged by acclimatization of the plantlets in
the greenhouse conditions. Regenerated plants were morphologically uniform with normal leaf shape and growth pattern.