Disseminated mucormycosis and necrotizing fasciitis in immune-compromised patients: Two case reports

  • Machoki S. Mugambi
  • Andre Theron
  • Sharon Cox
  • Komala Pillay
  • Alastair J.W. Millar
  • Alp Numanoglu
Keywords: child, immune-compromised, mucormycosis, necrotizing fasciitis, paediatric

Abstract

We present two case reports of disseminated mucormycosis and necrotizing fasciitis in an immunecompromised patient. First, a 3-month-old with untreated HIV infection presented in septic shock with abdominal wall-necrotizing fasciitis. Laparotomy  revealed extensive abdominal wall necrosis, bowel, liver, kidney and subsequent retroperitoneal, posterior diaphragm and inferior vena cava involvement. Second, a  3-year-old on chemotherapy for Burkitt’s lymphoma presented with pancytopenia, sepsis, abdominal wall-necrotizing fasciitis and left lower limb ischaemia. At surgery, there was necrosis of the abdominal wall, the large bowel and the ureter and thrombosis of the iliac vessels. Histology in both cases showed necrosis with fungal invasion consistent with mucormycosis. Both patients suffered mortality. We discuss  mucormycosis and review the literature regarding mucormycosis in immune-compromised paediatric patients.


Keywords: child, immune-compromised, mucormycosis, necrotizing fasciitis, paediatric

Published
2018-03-29
Section
Articles

eISSN: 1687-4137