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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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Removal of heavy-metals from wastewater using a hydrous alumino-silicate mineral from Kenya

E. W. Wambu, S. Attahiru, P. M. Shiundu, J. Wabomba

Abstract


Heavy metals’ discharge into the environment continues to pose grave concerns around the world. The efficacy of a hydrous alumino-silicate clay (AlSiM) coming obtained from some regions of Kenya to sorb heavy-metal ions from water has been evaluated in batch tests taking into account changes in adsorbent dose, pH, contact time, and temperature. Complete metal removals, from water containing up to 66 mg/L of Pb(II) was achieved using this material at pH value of 5 over a temperature range of 289–333 K. The adsorption data fitted both the Langmuir and the Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms with R2 > 0.99. The D-R adsorption energy (−11.7 kJ/mol) indicated that chemisorption was the primary reaction in the adsorption process and the derived G0 value (−7.45 kJ/mol) was consistent with the spontaneity of the adsorption process. The kinetic analyses indicated a film-diffusion and surface-chemisorption controlled process. Verification of the initial results on heavy metals-containing wastewaters obtained from a tannery and a leather processing industries revealed excellent adsorption efficacies of AlSiM for Cr3+ (99−100%), Fe3+ (96−98%), Mn2+ (85−97%) and Zn2+ (78−86%). The use of AlSiM as a plausible low-cost adsorbent for heavy-metal decontamination of industrial effluents has therefore been demonstrated.

 

KEY WORDS: Adsorption, Clays, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Heavy metals, Isotherms, Kinetics, Langmuir, Wastewater

 

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 39-51

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.4




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