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Prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis at a gynaecological clinic in Kano, North-West Nigeria

SA Ibrahim
EA Ugwa
OC Agu
CC Onuorah


Background: Vaginal discharge is a common complain in gynaecological and general practice.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis and how age, marital status and stages of reproduction affect this disease.

Methods: High vaginal swab samples were collected from 859 women who presented with vaginal discharge at the gynaecological clinic. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS 14.0 statistical software. Absolute numbers and simple percentages were used to describe categorical variables. Similarly, quantitative variables were described using measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion as appropriate.

Results: The prevalence of vaginal discharge in this review was 7 %. Candida albicans infection constituted 84.5 % of cases presenting with vaginal discharge. Vulvovaginal candidiasis was commoner among those 15-45 years (96.2%), than those <15 years (3.2%) and >45 years (0.6%). Moreover, the unmarried bear a greater burden of the infection (52%) than the married (48%) and this difference was statistically significant (p═0.001). 

Conclusion: Candida albicans infection is the commonest cause of pathologic vaginal discharge in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria and it is commoner in the unmarried and in those within the reproductive age group.

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eISSN: 2437-1734
print ISSN: 0189-9422