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Agricultural Transformation Performance and Inter-Sectoral Linkages in Ethiopia

Alelign Ademe
Abule Mehare


The motivation for agricultural transformation is basically linked with structural relationships among sectors of the economy; transforming one sector cannot be successful without the corresponding transformation of the other. Therefore, this study assessed the performance of agricultural transformation and analyzed the linkage between agricultural and other sectors of the economy in Ethiopia using time-series data retrieved from the World Bank (WB) and FAOSTAT databases (1981-2019). The study employed trend analysis and the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) which incorporated inter-sectoral linkages in the Ethiopian economy. In the trend analysis, though positive changes have been observed, agricultural transformation did not achieve the intended outcomes in terms of sustainability, productivity technical change, food self-sufficiency, and expansion of agro-industries, which calls government attention to a swift shift to market-oriented commercial farming involving mechanization. The model result illustrates how the linkages across different sectors vary in the short-run and long-run. In the short-run, the industrial sector has a negative effect on the performance of the agricultural sector, whereas the agricultural sector in turn affects the value added in the industrial sector positively. In the longrun, there was exhibited a positive and significant linkage between industrial and agricultural sectors. Thus, it needs to strengthen the effective use and adoption of new agricultural technologies in Ethiopia due to the existing negative short-run
agriculture-industry relationship. The macroeconomic policy should also take into account the possible long-run interdependencies between agriculture and other sectors of the economy by giving emphasis to the problem of transferring resources from agriculture to other sectors and vice versa.

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eISSN: 1993-3681