Black Soldier Fly (Hermitia illucens) Larvae Meal as Alternative Protein in Broiler Production in Ghana

  • S. Affedzie-obresi CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • G. Adu-Aboagye CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • E.K. Nkegbe CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • N. Asuming-Bediako CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • K.O. Ansah CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • A. Mensah-Bonsu Department of Agric Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra
  • D.B. Sarpong Department of Agric Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra
  • D.P.K. Amegashie Department of Agric Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra
  • G.T-M. Kwadzo Department of Agric Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra
  • P.A Wallace CSIR Animal Research Institute P. O. Box AH 20 Achimota, Accra
  • V.A. Clottey CABI West Africa Centre, P. O. Box CT860 Cantonment Accra
Keywords: Productivity, Profitability, Feed, Nutrition, Insect as Feed, Black Soldier Fly

Abstract

Feed cost has been a major challenge to the competitiveness of the poultry industry of Ghana due mainly to high cost of proteins. Insect larvae meals seem convenient alternatives however their use on commercial scale is unknown in Ghana. Three 8-week feeding trial using three isonitrogenous, isocaloric diets in a three-phase feeding strategy involving 1320 broiler DOCs was conducted. BSFLM was used as replacement for fishmeal and as partial replacement for soybean meal to determine its effect on broiler productivity, profitability and carcass measurements. The results indicated that replacing fishmeal with BSFLM significantly improved weight gain, feed conversion efficiency and production efficiency factor (PEF). No detrimental effect was observed on carcass and specific organ measurements. Using the partial budgeting approach on a 500-bird estimation an increase of one thousand, one hundred and eleven Ghana cedis (GH₵1,111.00) was obtained when the fishmeal was replaced with BSFLM. Also, an increase of four hundred and sixty-seven Ghana cedis (GH₵467.00) was estimated when soybean meal was partially replaced with BSFLM. It was concluded that BSFLM can be used to improve the productivity and profitability of broiler production.

Published
2020-07-16
Section
Original Scientific Paper

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eISSN: 0855-0042