Hydrogeological Properties of the Rocks in Adansi Mining Area, Ghana
Groundwater is an important resource in the Adansi mining area as some communities in the area are not connected to the Ghana national water network. These communities therefore utilise groundwater for potable water supply. The hydrogeological properties of an aquifer coupled with climatic conditions and geomorphology determines how much groundwater exists in that location. A hydrogeological study of the rocks in the Adansi area was carried out to obtain the aquifer hydraulic properties. Drilling and pumping test analysis information were used to assess these properties. The average borehole depth in the area was 44.3 m whilst the average static water level is 10.75 m. There is a general decrease in yield with an increase in borehole total depth. There is also no strong correlation between aquifer saturated thickness, yield and drawdown. Transmissivity of the aquifer decreases from the phyllite, argillitc sediments, granites to sandstone. Three hydrogeological regimes (> 0.9 m/day, 0.9 – 0.09 m/day and < 0.09 m/day) were also realised based on the hydraulic conductivity. The spatial distribution of the hydraulic properties suggests the influence of geological structures on the occurrence of groundwater in the area.
Keywords: Hydrogeological Properties, Mining, Hydraulic, Drilling, Groundwater