Main Article Content

The impact of isolation on the psychological wellness of COVID-19 discharged patients during the pandemic in Jos, North Central, Nigeria

Friday P. Tungchama
Simji S. Gomerep
Shehu Nathan
Margret Akogun
Amabu E. Bako
Ebiloma C. Ajuma
Yusufu T. Maigari
Isama Innocent


Background: Being isolated by whatever means has profound consequences on an individual. Isolation and COVID-19 are double jeopardy worthy of investigating. We therefore sought to determine how isolation impacted on the psychological wellbeing of discharged COVID-19 patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study on 116 participants who met the discharge criteria of the NCDC interim guidelines within COVID-19 outbreak. A proforma assessed the age, gender, and educational level, length of stay and presence of symptoms of COVID-19. Others assessed were perception of stigma, modes of admission etc. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), screened for mental wellness and assessed the impact of isolation on psychological wellbeing of discharged COVID-19 patients.

Results: One hundred and sixteen (116) discharged COVID-19 participants were screened. The mean age and GHQ-12 scores of the participants were 38.7±14.6 years and 2.88±2.1, respectively. There were more men (59%) with 67.2% of the assessed participants were 'ever married and 43% had tertiary education. Sixty-two percent (62%) had voluntarily admission. About 14% had symptoms on admission. The mean length ofstay was 10.4±4.1 days with 43% having stayed for more than 10 days. Thirty-eight per cent (38%) had psychological problems/ distress. Furthermore, 56% experience a perceived stigma and significantly associated with psychological problems/ distress (p= 0.020). Fifty-six per cent of the assessed were Christians and were significantly associated withpsychological problems/ distress (p= 0.014). There was a significant negative relationship between 'not being aware of stigmatization' and psychological problems/ distress (B= -1.566, p=0.018, CI=0.057-0.769))

Conclusion: Isolation impact considerably on the psychological wellbeing of infected COVID-19 patients.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1596-2407