IFE PsychologIA

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Children and Learning Climate at Home and at School: The Ghanaian Experience

Grace Yawo Gadagbui


This study was conducted to investigate the factors which affect the learning climate of children both at home and school. A total sample of 373 students, comprising 118 males and 185 females from various basic and secondary schools in the regions of Ghana were randomly selected for the study. The instrument was a 25 – item questionnaire designed and validated by the researcher to elicit the required responses from the respondents.

Descriptive statistics was used to describe the interaction and relationships that existed among the factors. Results showed that most of the children had serious financial and sociological problems at home which had effects on their academic progress. There was a positive correlation between alcoholic fathers on the one hand and family quarrels and poor academic performance of children in school on the other. It was also found that most children were bogged down in house hold chores, poor nutrition and bullied. All these negatively affected their academic progress at school.

Recommendations on how to improve the home climate of children and improvement in school are given at the end.

IFE Psychologia (2003) 11(2), 111-134
AJOL African Journals Online