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The “RAQAF” Concept of Ruach Yahweh (GEN 1:2) in the Old Testament and its Implications on Contemporary Christianity

Charles S. Allison
Joseph Opuowei


The idea of three persons in one God (Trinity) appear to have been taken /accepted with mixed feelings because it seems illogical to the rational mind. However, the inferences of more than a single personality in the Godhead is acutely obvious in the Old Testament. The study, therefore, is aimed at unravelling the visible fluttering role of Ruach Yahweh throughout the length and breadth of the Old Testament. An etymological Exegesis, and thematic trace of the concept in the Old Testament within the milieu of Historical and diachronic approaches amongst others, cannot be side-lined in a study of this nature. Without any gainsay, the complementary role of the Old Testament to the New could be further strengthened in a complex study of this nature. The active creative and integral place of Ruach Yahweh in the Old Testament is observed to be more pronounced, as it were, than is that of pneumatos in the New Testament. The clarity of the New Testament Doctrine of Trinity can only be rational and logical by an understanding of the Hovering concept of Ruach Yahweh in the Old Testament. A far reaching and long-term effect is the end result of the study of this magnitude. Contemporary Christianity cannot feign ignorance of the little or no place given to this important member of the Godhead. The three usages of Raqaf (Rachaph) during the creation, life and times of the patriarchs and the prophets of Israel were unique. The implications are enormous and outstanding both for Israel and contemporary Christianity.

Key words: Fluttering concept, Benefits and Adverse effects to Israel of Old Testament and contemporary Christianity

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2227-5452
print ISSN: 2225-8590