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Disclosing HIV-Positive Status: What Do Questions Have to Do with It?

Jacinta Wanjiku Kiranga
Masibo F. P. Lumala
Musebe Richard


This article discussed the need to ask questions among people living with HIV to facilitate disclosure. This is because disclosure of a HIV-positive status is an important tool for prevention of HIV and early treatment, many people who know their status do not disclose to their spouse or sexual partners. Disclosure would not only protect the spouse from risk of infection and if already infected be able to access treatment, support and careĀ  but also promote adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The paper looked at questioning as an important communication skill that can facilitate disclosure. This paper is based on a larger qualitative study that investigated the factors influencing disclosure of HIV-positive status to spouses among people living with HIV in Kirinyaga County in Kenya. Data was collected using semistructured In-Depth Interviews. The paper argued that questions play a crucial role in disclosure of a HIV-positive status in accessing information which would otherwise be unavailable about the HIV-positive status of their spouses and suggests incorporation of communication skills on questioning and disclosure at the comprehensive careĀ  Centre services.

Key Words: HIV disclosure, person living with HIV, questioning, spouses, psychological safety

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2227-5452
print ISSN: 2225-8590