CD4 and CD8 counts of Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccinated neonates in parts of Edo and Delta States, Nigeria
This study examines the cellular immune factors responsible for combating infections by assessing CD4 and CD8 counts of neonates (pre and post BCG vaccination). A total of 373 blood samples were collected from neonates that visited the immunization clinics at Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH), Irrua and Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Asaba, Nigeria. CD4 and CD8 easy count kit (Partec, Germany) was used for the determination of CD4 and CD8 count respectively, while the samples were analysed using SL-blue Cyflow. At ISTH Irrua, 191 samples were analyzed (130:60; pre and post vaccination), while at Asaba, 182 samples were analysed (120:62; pre and post vaccination). The results showed that CD4 count was significantly higher for Pre vaccination than Post vaccination at both locations. At FMC Asaba, the CD4 count for females was significantly higher than in males (pre-BCG vaccination), while CD4 count was not significantly affected by gender at Irrua, ISTH. CD8 increases in both locations but was not significantly affected by gender. The findings of this study therefore suggests that there is a cell mediated immune response to BCG vaccine by both the male and female neonates and this is associated with a decrease in CD4 count (post vaccination).
Keywords: Edo, Delta, Male, Female, Neonates, BCG, CD4, CD8