Evidence of heterosis in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) landraces from Burkina Faso

  • M Sawadogo
  • A Garane
  • H Zongo
  • MF Ishiyaku
  • IA Zorobi
  • D Balma
Keywords: hybrid vigor, combining ability, okra, Burkina Faso.

Abstract

In our study, 24 hybrids obtained by diallel cross between ecotypes of okra were subjected to analysis of their combining ability effects and hybrid vigor for different important traits for producers and consumers. Parents and hybrids differed significantly for gca effect. UAE 3 and UAE 20 were found to be the best general combiners for 50% day of flowering and number of fruits per plant. While UAE 25, UAE 3 and UAE 5 were best for seeds weight per fruit and yield per plant; between tester lines, UAE 19 shown good gca effect of number of seeds per fruit and fruit yield per plant, when UAE 22 is good for number of seeds per fruit. The most heterotic combinations for number of fruits per plant were those including UAE 22 in their combination.
The same hybrids have shown medium heterobeltiosis effect for fruit  length and in some of them (H22-20 and H22-5) was observed highest heterobeltiosis of yield per plant, varied from 59.90 to 77.57 respectively. The highest depression (non heterobeltiosis) was observed in hybrids with combination including H19 for number of seeds per fruit. Overall, the results discussed above indicated the fact that okra hybrid with UAE 22 has
great potentialities of maximizing fruit yield while hybrid H3-19 and H22-3 have the smallest days of flowering. Similarly, the heterosis effect  appeared in F1 in these hybrids with UAE22 as a mother form keeps up to the third generation.

Key words: hybrid vigor, combining ability, okra, Burkina Faso.

Published
2014-08-28
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1997-342X
print ISSN: 1991-8631