Characterization and importance of pig breeds in the pork industry of the zone of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso, West Africa)

  • T Kiendrebeogo
  • YM Logtene
  • SR Kondombo
  • CY Kabore-Zoungrana

Abstract

This study aimed at characterizing and evaluating the importance of pig breeds in the pork industry of the zone of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso, West Africa). Some data of a diagnosis of the pig breeding systems
(2003) and other data of a survey about the pig meat supply (2005), were analyzed. The stocktaking shows that the local or indigenous breed is 61%, the Korhogo breed 34%, the Mongrel breed is 4.52% and the Large
White breed 0.48%. In the intensive system, only Korhogo breed is raised. In the semi-intensive the Korhogo, followed by the local breed are more raised. In the extensive system, the Local breed, followed by the
Korhogo, is more raised. The Korhogo breed was more used in the exchanges of boars in all the systems. Butchers and pork butchers prefer local breed (50%) as well as improved breeds (Korhogo breed, Large White breed and Mongrel breed). Cooks with oven prefer local breed (64.29%) more than improved breeds (35.71%). The uncontrolled exchanges and hazardous crossing between pig’s breeds constitute some risks of either the extinction of the local breed, or the problem of consanguinity or even the threat for genetic diversity. It is necessary to carry out a genetic characterization of these breeds in order to organize better a more productive and durable management of pig breeds and breeding in the zone of Bobo-Dioulasso.

© 2012 International Formulae Group. All rights reserved.

Published
2012-12-14
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1997-342X
print ISSN: 1991-8631