Pesticide residues in fish from the Densu River Basin in Ghana

  • JR Fianko
  • A Donkor
  • ST Lowor
  • PO Yeboah

Abstract

The Densu River is a typical river flowing through agricultural areas in Southern Ghana. Six fish species from different locations in the river were sampled and analyzed for residues of pesticides and metabolites using GC with ECD/FID. The results of the study indicate that all the detected residues and metabolites in fish samples from the Densu River Basin were organochlorines (OCs). Among the pesticides residues analyzed, DDE, α-endosulfan, γ- HCH, δ- HCH, heptachlor and endosulfan sulphate, were predominant in all the samples. About 50% of the samples recorded positive detection of DDE while α-endosulfan was detected in 60% of the samples. γ- HCH, δ- HCH were detected in 75% and 65% of the samples respectively with heptachlor occurring in 80% of the samples. In almost all the fish species analyzed, DDE was the predominant compound having a mean value of 7.99 μgKg-1. Higher concentrations of pesticide residues were detected in fish samples from the Densu River at Nsawam than the other locations. The total concentration of residues in the fish samples ranged between 0.49 μgKg-1 and 8.90 μgKg-1 with the highest level detected in Hepsetue odoe (HO-N). The sequence of pesticide residues detected in fish samples were HO-N > HN-N > CO-N > CG-N > TZ-N > CN-W > TZ-W > CG-W. The high ratio of DDE/DDT in fish samples (0.1 – 6.9 with a mean of 2.51) indicated probably old input of DDT and significant degradation. The γ -HCH isomer (lindane) was the dominant HCH in fish samples suggesting a preferential usage of lindane (purified γ-HCH) in these areas. The δ-HCH/γ-HCH ratios in most fish samples were low indicating the present input of the pesticide lindane from non-point sources.

Keywords: Pesticide residues, Fish, Densu River Basin, Ghana, exposure
Published
2013-10-28
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1997-342X
print ISSN: 1991-8631