Prevalence of hepatitis b virus surface antigens (HBsag) and Hepatitis C virus antibodies in blood donors at Jos, plateau state, Nigeria

  • AA Chukwuedo
  • NCO Eze
  • L Nimzing
  • AEJ Okwori


The prevalences of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies were determined in 560 blood donors sera using ELISA kits (DIALAB., Austria). Forty eight (8.57%) of these were positive for hepatitis B virus infection, while 33(5.89%) were positive to hepatitis C virus antibodies. The sex distribution of affected individuals showed that 40(8.68%) out of 461 males and 8(8.08%) out of 99 females were positive for HBsAg. Similarly, 31(6.72%) males and 2(2.02%) females were positive for HCV. Age group 18-28 years had the highest prevalence both for hepatitis B, 25(5.43%) in males, 4(4.04%) in females and hepatitis C, 20(4.34%) in males and 2(2.02%) in females. The results highlighted evidence of co-infection of hepatitis B and C, and males had higher prevalence than females for the infections in the donor blood samples, implying that such blood should be screened against hepatitis B and C alongside other viral diseases. Some social and demographic factors were not tested due to unwillingness of the donors to supply useful bio-data. It is recommended that further larger scale studies be carried out since some of these elements are possible predisposing factors.

Keywords: Hepatitis C virus antibody, hepatitis B virus antigen, blood donors, Nigeria

International Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, 5(4): 398-401, 2009

Author Biographies

AA Chukwuedo
Department of Viral Research, National Veterinary Research Institute, PO Box 207 Vom, Nigeria
Department of Virology, Federal College of Vet and Medical Laboratory Technology Vom, Nigeria
L Nimzing
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
AEJ Okwori
Department of Virology, Federal College of Vet and Medical Laboratory Technology Vom, Nigeria

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0794-4713