GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS: Submission of Papers The JBR welcomes papers from the general academia and professionals. Authors are encouraged to submit papers for publications in the JBR at any time. The Journal will also at specific times solicit for reviews on topical issues of interest. Procedure for Submission 1. All submissions and correspondence should be sent to: The Chief Editor: Goski Alabi Journal of Business Research IPS, Legon, Accra. Tel: +233 21 500171 ext 128, Fax: +233 21 513539,-mobile: 0246 452798; 0242 803 138, All papers must be submitted in electronic format as E-mail attachments to or All manuscripts submitted to the JBR should not have been published previously and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere at the time it is submitted to the JBR. The JBR requires authors to sign a copyright declaration entrusting copyright to the Institute of Professional Studies 2. Manuscripts presenting original research work must avearge five thousand words including, figures, charts, tables, pictures and references. Original contributions in the form of reviews, topical articles or short communication must not exceed three thousand words also with references. 3. All submissions should be in English, typed in a Time Roman format single space, font size 12, with 1 inch margin on all four sides. Headings: Bolded, Caps, one space from the text First Sub-heading: Bolded, Title case, not spaced from the text Second Sub-heading: Italics, title case not spaced from the text. GENERAL PRESENTATION FORMAT FOR PAPERS For a technical paper, the typical and common format of presentation should be: • Title of Paper – clear and concise, but reflecting fully the contents of the paper. Titles shall not exceed 120 characters including spaces. • Author(s) name including affiliates and addresses, (including e-mail) • Abstract – Essential part of scholarly publication, giving summary of content, including objectives, scope, methodology, findings, and conclusions should not be more than 200 words but informative for abstracting or indexing • Introduction – General overview or background information on the subject with references focused on the paper. While statements of the problem, objectives and hypotheses to be presented are highlighted, the write up should be concise and un-wieldy; and it should analyze and bring out the knowledge gap to be filled • Literature review – Relevant studies and findings on the subject reviewed logically in chronological order (may be included in the Introduction); • Theoretical Analyses – Formulation of models or governing equations to be used in simulations and calculating key parameters; • Experimental and Field Work (including materials and methods) – Description of innovative techniques developed avoiding duplicating routine and commonly known methodologies; • Results – Presentation of findings, including data in tabular forms, graphs and illustration with analyses and interpretations to showcase the major out-comes of the work done and relevance to the objectives; • Discussion of results and findings in relation with other published works, emphasizing the significance and contribution to knowledge, practice and scholarship • Conclusions – based on results achieved with strong points on the merit of the paper and presented to be retained and cited by readers; References – Listing of significant published works relevant to the topic as quoted in the paper; based on the Harvard reference standards. Acknowledgment – Expression of appreciation of contributions of other individuals and organizations in various forms which had made the publication possible can be done at the end of the paper after the references; • Appendix – Related matters which support assertions made in the paper.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0148-2963