Author Guidelines

The Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care subscribes to the 'Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals' as published in the New England Journal of Medicine 1997; 336: 309 -316. The Journal will publish the following types of contributions:

• Original research reports; • Critical and analytical reviews; • Short research reports; • Case report • Editorials and commentaries commissioned by the editorial board; • Letters to the editor related to materials previously published in the Journal; • Book reviews; • Reports of professional conferences and meetings; • Continuing education.

Submissions will be considered on the understanding that:

• They comprise original, unpublished material and are not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and the studies they have been based have been subject to appropriate ethical review.
• The authors accept to transfer copyright of accepted and published articles to the Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care. A letter stating this fact signed by all authors should accompany each submitted article.
• Authors are responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder, permission to reproduce any material for which copyright already exists.

The editors cannot enter into correspondence about papers considered unsuitable for publication and their decision is final. Neither the editors nor the publishers accept responsibility for the views of authors expressed in their contributions.

The preferred method of manuscript submission is by e-mail to:

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care

General: Documents must be double-spaced with 1" margins, right hand side should not be justified and font size of 12pt on A4 size. Submissions are acceptable in British or American English. The editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. In addition, manuscripts should conform to the Journal style as manuscripts that do not, will not be reviewed until they are compliant. The paper should be divided into the following sections:

Abstract and keywords: An abstract of a maximum of 250 words must be included, as well as up to six keywords. The abstract should be structured into the following subsections: background, methods, results and conclusion. Short articles, letters to the editor, commentaries and reviews need not follow this format. The word count should be provided.

Text: The cover page should include the following: article title, corresponding author’s full name, affiliation, postal address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address. The full names, affiliations and contact details of the co-authors should also be clearly indicated. Also ensure that these details are printed on the cover page only, and do not appear on any other page of the manuscript. On the following pages, this order should be followed: abstract, abstract word count, keywords, main text, acknowledgements (on a separate page) references, appendix, figure captions, tables and figures. Do not place tables or figures in the main text. The full word-count must include all text, including that in the tables, figures, references, etc. All pages must be numbered in the bottom right-hand corner. The main text should be arranged in this order: Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion each starting on a new page.

References: The Vancouver style of referencing should be used. References should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. These numbers should be inserted above the line (superscript) on each occasion a reference is cited (e.g. —. as noted in similar studies 1,2) Numbered references should appear at the end of the article and should be typed double-spaced and include the names and initials of all authors. The format of referencing should be as published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in the British Medical Journal, 1988, volume 296, pages 401-405.


1. Journal articles (a) All authors should be listed where they are six or less; if more than six. then list the first six and followed by et al. Hogan MC, Foreman KJ, Naghavi M, Ahn SY, Wang M, Makela SM et al. Maternal mortality for 181 countries, 1980-2008: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. Lancet 2010; 375(9726): 1609-1623

(b) Corporate Body/Organisation as Author: International Steering Committee. Uniform requirement for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Br. Med. J. 1962; 284:1766-1770

(c) No author: What happened to growth monitoring? [Editorial]. Lancet 1992; ii: 149

2. Books (a) Books with personal authors: Hosmer DW, Lameshow S. Applied Logistic Regression. 2nd edition. New York: Wiley Series; 2004

(b) Chapters with personal authors: Adesanya CA, Parry EHO, Larbi EB. The heart and circulation. In: Parry EHO (ED) Principles of Medicine in Africa. 2nd Edition, Oxford ELBS/Oxford University Press; 1984 645-704.

(c) Chapters with no authors: Respiratory Medicine. In: Tasker RC, McClure RJ, Acerini CL. (Eds). Oxford Handbook of Paediatrics, Oxford; 2010. 262-305

3. Internet resources:
Thind A, Mohani A, Banerjee K, Hagigi F. Where to deliver? Analysis of choice of delivery location from a national survey in India. BMC Public Health 2008; 8: 29 [cited March 21, 2009] Available from: URL:

NOTE: Authors should include the Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) of referenced articles in the reference section for all articles cited.

Acknowledgement: Authors should use this section to acknowledge those who have not met the authorship criteria as outlined below.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must declare any financial and/or non-financial interests in relation to the work submitted.

Contributions to joint publication: A statement stating the contributions of individual authors to joint publication should be declared in this section.

Policy on authorship criteria: Only individuals who made major contributions to the writing of the manuscript should be listed as an author All authors listed on the manuscript should have contributed significantly to the conceptualization, design, collection, collation or analysis and interpretation of the data. All authors should have been involved in the writing of the manuscript at draft and any revision stages, and have read and approved the final version. Any other individuals should be listed in the acknowledgement section. Any change in authorship (including author order) after the initial manuscript submission must be approved in writing by all authors.

Tables and Illustrations: All tables and figures should be submitted on separate sheets of paper and should be clearly labelled. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and be given a suitable caption. Vertical and horizontal internal lines should be excluded. Tables should complement and not duplicate results already presented in the manuscript. Footnotes to the table should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Photographs, charts and diagrams are to be referred to as 'figure(s)' and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred. Indicate at the back the appropriate places in the text where the tables and figures should be inserted.

Peer review process: A preliminary review is done by the Editor in-chief or any member of the Editorial Board for all submitted manuscripts to assess the suitability of the paper for further peer review. At this stage, the manuscript can be rejected if it does not meet the journal scope or is not scientifically valid or technically sound in methodology and analysis or not of priority issue or conform to the journal guidelines.
Manuscripts are then sent to at least two independent experts in that field for review. The review process is double-blinded and the reviewer may make one of the following recommendations: Accept; Accept after minor correction; Accept after major correction (in which case the revised article needs to be re-assessed by the reviewer); or Reject.
Manuscripts with significant statistical component will be reviewed by a statistician in addition to above peer review. The comments of the reviewers will be communicated to the authors, even if the paper is rejected. All efforts will be made to ensure that the review process is as short as possible (within 3 weeks).
Proof of accepted manuscript may be sent to the authors, and should be corrected and returned to the editorial office within a period specified by the editor. No addition to the manuscript at this stage will be accepted. All accepted manuscripts are edited according to the Journal’s style.

Charges: All manuscript submitted for publication shall attract a processing charge of two thousand naira (₦2,000.00) at the time of submission of the manuscript and a publication charge of twenty thousand naira (₦20,000.00) if the article is accepted for publication. The charges should be paid to the Journal account. The account detail is as follows:

Bank: UBA Plc, OAU Ile-Ife
Account Name: Association of Public Health Physicians of Nigeria
Account Number: 1015504404
Bank Sort Code: 033291640

Contributors are to scan the teller and send as attachment to the Editor-in-Chief.

Policy on Plagiarism: Authors are warned against plagiarism and other forms of fraudulent behaviour. All submitted manuscripts will be subjected to plagiarism testing. Any article identified to have been plagiarised will not be considered for publication. Where it is established that authors have submitted plagiarised manuscript or are involved in others forms of fraudulent behaviour, the editors, after thorough investigation, shall issue a rejoinder on the plagiarised or fraudulent article in the next edition of the journal even if the article was published in an earlier edition of the journal.

Access Policy: Full text of the Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care is available free online at AJOL.

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Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0794-7410