Body composition of women of reproductive age in urban and rural settings in Kano State
Background: The body composition of Women of Reproductive Age (WRA) has been related to maternal and child health. Environmental and socioeconomic factors related to urban or rural settings may have an impact on the body composition of WRA. there is limited data that explore and document the differences in body composition of rural- and urban-dwelling WRA in Kano State.
Objective: The present study aimed to assess and compare the body composition of WRA in urban and rural settings in Kano State.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive community-based study was conducted. Participants (240 WRA aged 14-49 years) were randomly recruited from 8 Local Government Areas (4 rural and 4 urban LGAs). A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics. A body composition monitor was used to measure body mass index (BMI), resting metabolism, body fat, muscle composition, and visceral fat.
Results: Most of the study participants were married (57.5%), multiparous (59.6%), and not pregnant (95.0%) while less than half were within the age ranges of 15-22 years (31.2%), had completed secondary education (46.7%) and have 5 and above children (42.1%). BMI (p=0.004), resting energy expenditure (p=0.032), body fat (p=0.015), and visceral fat (p=0.017) were found to be significantly higher in urban participants whereas only muscle composition (p=0.016) was significantly higher in rural participants.
Conclusion: Give a summary of the result. The results obtained suggest a healthier body composition among rural-dwelling WRA. The higher visceral and overall boy fat in urban-dwelling WRA may predispose them to a higher risk of overweight and obesity.
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