Journal of the Nigerian Optometric Association

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The influence of climatic and socioeconomic factors on the occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis amongst primary school pupils in Owerri Urban, Nigeria

AO Ahuana, CG Emereole


This study investigated some aspects of climatic and socioeconomic factors, which may influence the
occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis among primary school pupils. A sample population of 150 pupils aged 5-15 years was randomly selected from different schools. The subjects were drawn from pupils of various classes and socioeconomic background. Questionnaire and clinical examination were used. The result revealed that climatic factor influences the occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis, 48.9% during harmattan season and 26% during rainy season. Occurrence in females was 59.3% compared to 32% in males. Pupils of the parents who were artisans had 52% while those whose parents were professionals had 18.2%. Pupils within the age of 9-12 had67.9%, while the age group 13-15 had 13.9%. Clinical sign on the conjunctiva only were seen on 67.9% of the pupils while 1.4% had clinical sign on the conjunctiva, eyelid and cornea.
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