Biochemical response of ouda sheep to water contaminated with NPK 15:15:15 fertilizer

  • OO Eniolorunda
  • SA Tiamiyu
  • GA Adeleke
  • HA Awojobi
Keywords: Biochemical, NPK fertilizer, Ram, Health, Performance


The study of was conducted to assess the biochemical response of sheep to water contaminated with NPK 15-15-15 inorganic fertilizer. Twenty (20) growing ouda rams between 10 and 13 months old with an average live weight of 20.01 ± 0.35 kg were used in the trial that lasted for 21 days. The animals were divided into five(5) groups of four ram each, balanced for weight and served drinking water contaminated with NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer at the level of 0ppm,100ppm,200ppm,300ppm and400ppm.The groups were designated fo (control), f1, f2, f3 and f4 respectively. Also, biochemical examinations of fasting blood glucose(FBGL), total serum protein(TSP), serum albumin(S.ALB), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), serum
creatinine(S.CREAT.), serum phosphate(S.PO4), aspartate amino transferase(AST), alanine amino trasferase(ALT) and alanine amino phosphatase(ALP) Were carried out at 0, 24, 48,72,120,168 and 336
hours of the experiment following standard procedures. The result showed that all the parameters measured were significantly affected by water treatment. However the evidently higher (p>0.05) concentrations of
fasting blood glucose, total serum protein, serum albumin, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, serum phosphate and the listed enzymes after forty eight hours of NPK 15-15-15 inorganic fertilizer administration could lead to pancreatic dysfunction, hepato-cellular damage, renal dysfunction, impairment and insufficiency especially in animals on F3(300ppm) and F4(400ppm). In conclusion the contamination of water with NPK 15-15-15 inorganic fertilizer beyond 200ppm could be detrimental to sheep health and ultimate performance.

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eISSN: 1597-0906