Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria

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Constraints to adequate provision of physical resources for the universal basic education programme in delta state, Nigeria

CI Osiobe


This paper assessed the physical resources required for the implementation of the UBE programme in Delta State and constraints against their provisions. It is a descriptive survey research. The researcher used a questionnaire to collect primary data from a sample of 376 primary schools and 141 junior secondary schools head teachers across the state. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Available physical facilities in both urban and rural primary and junior secondary schools were grossly inadequate. Only 20% of facilities requirement in both primary and junior secondary schools were met, with majority of existing facilities in a state of disrepair. Constraining factors against adequate provision of physical facilities included inadequate supply of needed facilities, inadequate running expenses, stealing and vandalization, lack of maintenance schedules/budget, lack of storage facilities and frequent breakdown of facilities due to overuse. Urgent rehabilitation of school facilities, provision of adequate classroom structures and perimeter fencing of schools to protect school facilities were recommended policies.

Key Words: Universal Basic Education (UBE), Schools, Educational Facilities

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