Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment

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Anatomical and chemical properties of wood and their practical implications in pulp and paper production: a review

J.T.B. Riki, O.A. Sotannde, A.O. Oluwadare


Wood is a highly variable and complex material that has different chemical, physical and anatomical properties that influence its commercial value. This review therefore, explains the wide variability between anatomical and chemical properties of wood and their practical implication in pulp and paper production. In papermaking, fibres are the cell elements that impart strength to the paper sheet. The function of the vessel element is to conduct water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the higher parts of the plant. Generally, lingnocellulose materials from wood and non-wood plant consist of lignin, hemicelluloses, extractive and some inorganic matter. Information on the chemical composition is important in deciding the techno-commercial suitability, pulping method and paper strength of a particular wood material.

Keywoods: Wood, Anatomcal, Chemical, Pulp, Paper

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