Ethnobotanical survey of neem: knowledge of the population of Lome, Togo
In our community, the high cost of modern medical health care makes our population turning to our culture as traditional medicine. This survey is to gathered the knowledge of the population of Lome on the use of Azadirachta indica. On a total of 125 persons survey, we have 59.2% of male and 40.8% of female. Leaves (61.6%) are the major plant parts used for treatments. Different mode of preparation is usually used but the most cited is the Decoction (52,8%). The oral route representing 119 case (95.2%) is the most used in the treatment operate with neem. Knowledge of the population of Lome and its surrounded is the same we get in the literature about the use of A. indica. In order to evaluate the quality of A. indica in our study area, phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological studies are needed.
Mots clés: Enquête ethnobotanique, plante médicinale, neem, Lomé, Togo