Unusual cutaneous metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma

  • G.A Rahman
  • A.Y Abdulkadir
  • S.A Olatoke
  • I.F Yusuf
  • K.T Braimoh

Abstract

Follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is the second most common thyroid cancer (TCs) after papillary carcinoma, but it is ranked first in producing distant metastases among TCs. It accounts for 10 - 20% of all thyroid malignancies and is most often seen in patients over 40 years of age. Distant metastases at the time of diagnosis are reported in 11 - 20% of the patients and may be the reason for presentation. There have been less than 30 reported cases of cutaneous metastases from FTC in the English Literature, a majority affecting the scalp. We present an unusual aggressive, hypervascular FTC in a 58-year-old man with a previous diagnosis of multinodular goiter. The difficulty in gaining his acceptability of orthodox management resulted in the development of multiple giant scalp and right facial metastatic masses associated with lytic calvarial destruction and the involvement of frontal and right maxillary sinuses. These imposed serious challenges in managing him in a resource-poor community.
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eISSN: 2006-8808
print ISSN: 2006-8808